phonic teaching program


remedial language course remedial reading method remedial spelling aid teaching remedial spelling spelling and reading assistance remedial spelling method remedial learning aid duffy remedial english remedial english course perth remedial english teaching learning english in western australia reading course in wa remedial reading and writing method remedial teaching aids remedial learning of english remedial english teaching remedial reading and writing Home page

Chart 3

The Elusive a


Once competency in the use of short and long vowels has been attained the chart below may be introduced.

In this chart attention is drawn to the fact that most speakers of English slur the a in words such as medical and manage. This can lead to difficulties in their correct spelling.


remedial reading method


As it is the spelling of the language which keeps it secure, it is important to draw attention to the fact that many words are pronounced differently in different parts of the English-speaking world.

Grass and banana, for example, are pronounced phonetically in the USA and Canada but as gras and barnarna in most parts of England and Australia.

The chart above is particularly useful for people who can read fairly well but whose spelling skills are poor.

See The Manual for full details of its proper use.



This website presented by
educational psychologist
Judith Gleeson
B.A., M.Ed, T.C.
duffy remedial reading



Home      Duffy method      Duffy use      Evidence      Buy Manual      Contact

Chart 1      Chart 2      Chart 4      Chart 5      Chart 6      Chart 7

Chart 8      Chart 9      Chart 10      Chart 11      Chart 12

This website designed by Scribeworks 2006